A constricted opening in Kir channels does not impede potassium conduction

Black, Katrina A. and He, Sitong and Jin, Ruitao and Miller, David M. and Bolla, Jani R. and Clarke, Oliver B. and Johnson, Paul and Windley, Monique and Burns, Christopher J. and Hill, Adam P. and Laver, Derek and Robinson, Carol V. and Smith, Brian J. and Gulbis, Jacqueline M. (2020) A constricted opening in Kir channels does not impede potassium conduction. Nature Communications, 11 (1). p. 3024. ISSN 2041-1723

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Link to published document: http://doi.org/10.1038/s41467-020-16842-0


The canonical mechanistic model explaining potassium channel gating is of a conformational change that alternately dilates and constricts a collar-like intracellular entrance to the pore. It is based on the premise that K+ ions maintain a complete hydration shell while passing between the transmembrane cavity and cytosol, which must be accommodated. To put the canonical model to the test, we locked the conformation of a Kir K+ channel to prevent widening of the narrow collar. Unexpectedly, conduction was unimpaired in the locked channels. In parallel, we employed all-atom molecular dynamics to simulate K+ ions moving along the conduction pathway between the lower cavity and cytosol. During simulations, the constriction did not significantly widen. Instead, transient loss of some water molecules facilitated K+ permeation through the collar. The low free energy barrier to partial dehydration in the absence of conformational change indicates Kir channels are not gated by the canonical mechanism.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: R Medicine > R Medicine (General)
Depositing User: Repository Administrator
Date Deposited: 23 Jun 2020 03:09
Last Modified: 31 Aug 2021 04:05
URI: http://eprints.victorchang.edu.au/id/eprint/987

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