Tissue-Resident PDGFRα+ Progenitor Cells Contribute to Fibrosis versus Healing in a Context- and Spatiotemporally Dependent Manner

Santini, Maria Paola and Malide, Daniela and Hoffman, Gabriel and Pandey, Gaurav and D’Escamard, Valentina and Nomura-Kitabayashi, Aya and Rovira, Ilsa and Kataoka, Hiroshi and Ochando, Jordi and Harvey, Richard P. and Finkel, Toren and Kovacic, Jason C. (2020) Tissue-Resident PDGFRα+ Progenitor Cells Contribute to Fibrosis versus Healing in a Context- and Spatiotemporally Dependent Manner. Cell Reports, 30 (2). pp. 555-570.e7. ISSN 22111247

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Link to published document: http://doi.org/10.1016/j.celrep.2019.12.045

Abstract

PDGFRα+ mesenchymal progenitor cells are associated with pathological fibro-adipogenic processes. Conversely, a beneficial role for these cells during homeostasis or in response to revascularization and regeneration stimuli is suggested, but remains to be defined. We studied the molecular profile and function of PDGFRα+ cells in order to understand the mechanisms underlying their role in fibrosis versus regeneration. We show that PDGFRα+ cells are essential for tissue revascularization and restructuring through injury-stimulated remodeling of stromal and vascular components, context-dependent clonal expansion, and ultimate removal of pro-fibrotic PDGFRα+-derived cells. Tissue ischemia modulates the PDGFRα+ phenotype toward cells capable of remodeling the extracellular matrix and inducing cell-cell and cell-matrix adhesion, likely favoring tissue repair. Conversely, pathological healing occurs if PDGFRα+-derived cells persist as terminally differentiated mesenchymal cells. These studies support a context-dependent "yin-yang" biology of tissue-resident mesenchymal progenitor cells, which possess an innate ability to limit injury expansion while also promoting fibrosis in an unfavorable environment.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: R Medicine > R Medicine (General)
Depositing User: Repository Administrator
Date Deposited: 23 Jan 2020 04:44
Last Modified: 19 Oct 2021 03:27
URI: http://eprints.victorchang.edu.au/id/eprint/921

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