Triheptanoin alters [U-13C6]-glucose incorporation into glycolytic intermediates and increases TCA cycling by normalizing the activities of pyruvate dehydrogenase and oxoglutarate dehydrogenase in a chronic epilepsy mouse model

McDonald, Tanya and Hodson, Mark P and Bederman, Ilya and Puchowicz, Michelle and Borges, Karin (2020) Triheptanoin alters [U-13C6]-glucose incorporation into glycolytic intermediates and increases TCA cycling by normalizing the activities of pyruvate dehydrogenase and oxoglutarate dehydrogenase in a chronic epilepsy mouse model. Journal of Cerebral Blood Flow & Metabolism, 40 (3). pp.678-691. ISSN 0271-678X (Not OA)

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Link to published document: http://doi.org/10.1177/0271678X19837380

Abstract

Triheptanoin is anticonvulsant in several seizure models. Here, we investigated changes in glucose metabolism by triheptanoin interictally in the chronic stage of the pilocarpine mouse epilepsy model. After injection of [U-13C6]-glucose (i.p.), enrichments of 13C in intermediates of glycolysis and the tricarboxylic acid (TCA) cycle were quantified in hippocampal extracts and maximal activities of enzymes in each pathway were measured. The enrichment of 13C glucose in plasma was similar across all groups. Despite this, we observed reductions in incorporation of 13C in several glycolytic intermediates compared to control mice suggesting glucose utilization may be impaired and/or glycogenolysis increased in the untreated interictal hippocampus. Triheptanoin prevented the interictal reductions of 13C incorporation in most glycolytic intermediates, suggesting it increased glucose utilization or - as an additional astrocytic fuel - it decreased glycogen breakdown. In the TCA cycle metabolites, the incorporation of 13C was reduced in the interictal state. Triheptanoin restored the correlation between 13C enrichments of pyruvate relative to most of the TCA cycle intermediates in "epileptic" mice. Triheptanoin also prevented the reductions of hippocampal pyruvate dehydrogenase and 2-oxoglutarate dehydrogenase activities. Decreased glycogen breakdown and increased glucose utilization and metabolism via the TCA cycle in epileptogenic brain areas may contribute to triheptanoin's anticonvulsant effects.

Item Type: Article
Keywords: Victor Chang Innovation Centre
Subjects: R Medicine > R Medicine (General)
Depositing User: Repository Administrator
Date Deposited: 24 Mar 2019 22:33
Last Modified: 18 Oct 2021 03:21
URI: http://eprints.victorchang.edu.au/id/eprint/819

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