Major adverse kidney events predict reduced survival in ventricular assist device supported patients

Barua, Sumita and Conte, Sean M. and Cherrett, Callum and Kearney, Katherine L. and Robson, Desiree and Bragg, Christopher and Macdonald, Peter S. and Muthiah, Kavitha and Hayward, Christopher S. (2023) Major adverse kidney events predict reduced survival in ventricular assist device supported patients. ESC Heart Failure, 10 (6). pp.3463-3471. ISSN 2055-5822

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AIMS: There is limited data describing major adverse kidney events (MAKE) in patients supported with ventricular assist devices (VAD). We aim to describe the association between MAKE and survival, risk factors for MAKE, and renal trajectory in VAD supported patients. METHODS AND RESULTS: We conducted a single-centre retrospective analysis of consecutive VAD implants between 2010 and 2019. Baseline demographics, biochemistry, and adverse events were collected for the duration of VAD support. MAKE was defined as the first event to occur of sustained drop (>50%) in estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR), progression to stage V chronic kidney disease, initiation or continuation of renal replacement therapy beyond implant admission or death on renal replacement therapy at any time. One-hundred and seventy-three patients were included, median age 56.8 years, 18.5% female, INTERMACS profile 1 or 2 in 75.1%. Thirty-seven patients experienced MAKE. On multivariate analysis, post-implant clinical right ventricular failure and the presence of chronic haemolysis, defined by the presence of schistocytes on blood film analysis, were significantly associated with increased risk of MAKE (adjusted odds ratio 9.88, P < 0.001 and adjusted odds ratio 3.33, P = 0.006, respectively). MAKE was associated with reduced survival (hazard ratio 4.80, P < 0.001). Patients who died or experienced MAKE did not demonstrate the expected transient 3-month improvement in eGFR, seen in other cohorts. CONCLUSIONS: MAKE significantly impacts survival. In our cohort, MAKE was predicted by post-implant right ventricular failure and chronic haemolysis. The lack of early eGFR improvement on VAD support may indicate higher risk for MAKE.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: R Medicine > R Medicine (General)
Depositing User: Repository Administrator
Date Deposited: 02 May 2024 04:23
Last Modified: 02 May 2024 04:23

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