SIRT3 overexpression in rat muscle does not ameliorate peripheral insulin resistance

Osborne, Brenna and Wright, Lauren E and Brandon, Amanda E and Stuart, Ella and Small, Lewin and Hoeks, Joris and Schrauwen, Patrick and Sinclair, David A and Montgomery, Magdalene K and Cooney, Gregory J and Turner, Nigel (2023) SIRT3 overexpression in rat muscle does not ameliorate peripheral insulin resistance. Journal of Endocrinology, 258 (3). ISSN 0022-0795

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Reduced expression of the NAD+-dependent deacetylase, SIRT3, has been associated with insulin resistance and metabolic dysfunction in humans and rodents. In this study, we investigated whether specific overexpression of SIRT3 in vivo in skeletal muscle could prevent high-fat diet (HFD)-induced muscle insulin resistance. To address this, we used a muscle-specific adeno-associated virus (AAV) to overexpress SIRT3 in rat tibialis and extensor digitorum longus (EDL) muscles. Mitochondrial substrate oxidation, substrate switching and oxidative enzyme activity were assessed in skeletal muscles with and without SIRT3 overexpression. Muscle-specific insulin action was also assessed by hyperinsulinaemic-euglycaemic clamps in rats that underwent a 4-week HFD-feeding protocol. Ex vivo functional assays revealed elevated activity of selected SIRT3-target enzymes including hexokinase, isocitrate dehydrogenase and pyruvate dehydrogenase that was associated with an increase in the ability to switch between fatty acid- and glucose-derived substrates in muscles with SIRT3 overexpression. However, during the clamp, muscles from rats fed an HFD with increased SIRT3 expression displayed equally impaired glucose uptake and insulin-stimulated glycogen synthesis as the contralateral control muscle. Intramuscular triglyceride content was similarly increased in the muscle of high-fat-fed rats, regardless of SIRT3 status. Thus, despite SIRT3 knockout (KO) mouse models indicating many beneficial metabolic roles for SIRT3, our findings show that muscle-specific overexpression of SIRT3 has only minor effects on the acute development of skeletal muscle insulin resistance in high-fat-fed rats.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: R Medicine > R Medicine (General)
Depositing User: Repository Administrator
Date Deposited: 03 Apr 2024 02:34
Last Modified: 03 Apr 2024 02:34

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