Multi-Omic Architecture of Obstructive Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy

Garmany, Ramin and Bos, J. Martijn and Tester, David J. and Giudicessi, John R. and dos Remedios, Cristobal G. and Dasari, Surendra and Nagaraj, Nagaswaroop K. and Nair, Asha A. and Johnson, Kenneth L. and Ryan, Zachary C. and Maleszewski, Joseph J. and Ommen, Steve R. and Dearani, Joseph A. and Ackerman, Michael J. (2023) Multi-Omic Architecture of Obstructive Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy. Circulation: Genomic and Precision Medicine, 16 (2). ISSN 2574-8300

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BACKGROUND: Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) is characterized by asymmetric left ventricular hypertrophy. Currently, hypertrophy pathways responsible for HCM have not been fully elucidated. Their identification could serve as a nidus for the generation of novel therapeutics aimed at halting disease development or progression. Herein, we performed a comprehensive multi-omic characterization of hypertrophy pathways in HCM. METHODS: Flash-frozen cardiac tissues were collected from genotyped HCM patients (n=97) undergoing surgical myectomy and tissue from 23 controls. RNA sequencing and mass spectrometry-enabled deep proteome and phosphoproteomic assessment were performed. Rigorous differential expression, gene set enrichment, and pathway analyses were performed to characterize HCM-mediated alterations with emphasis on hypertrophy pathways. RESULTS: We identified transcriptional dysregulation with 1246 (8%) differentially expressed genes and elucidated downregulation of 10 hypertrophy pathways. Deep proteomic analysis identified 411 proteins (9%) that differed between HCM and controls with strong dysregulation of metabolic pathways. Seven hypertrophy pathways were upregulated with antagonistic upregulation of 5 of 10 hypertrophy pathways shown to be downregulated in the transcriptome. Most upregulated hypertrophy pathways encompassed the rat sarcoma-mitogen-activated protein kinase signaling cascade. Phosphoproteomic analysis demonstrated hyperphosphorylation of the rat sarcoma-mitogen-activated protein kinase system suggesting activation of this signaling cascade. There was a common transcriptomic and proteomic profile regardless of genotype. CONCLUSIONS: At time of surgical myectomy, the ventricular proteome, independent of genotype, reveals widespread upregulation and activation of hypertrophy pathways, mainly involving the rat sarcoma-mitogen-activated protein kinase signaling cascade. In addition, there is a counterregulatory transcriptional downregulation of the same pathways. Rat sarcoma-mitogen-activated protein kinase activation may serve a crucial role in hypertrophy observed in HCM.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: R Medicine > R Medicine (General)
Depositing User: Repository Administrator
Date Deposited: 27 Apr 2023 04:30
Last Modified: 27 Apr 2023 04:30

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