Many heart transplant biopsies currently diagnosed as no rejection have mild molecular antibody-mediated rejection-related changes

Halloran, Philip F. and Madill-Thomsen, Katelynn and Aliabadi-Zuckermann, Arezu Z. and Cadeiras, Martin and Crespo-Leiro, Marisa G. and Depasquale, Eugene C. and Deng, Mario and Gökler, Johannes and Kim, Daniel H. and Kobashigawa, Jon and Macdonald, Peter and Potena, Luciano and Shah, Keyur and Stehlik, Josef and Zuckermann, Andreas (2022) Many heart transplant biopsies currently diagnosed as no rejection have mild molecular antibody-mediated rejection-related changes. The Journal of Heart and Lung Transplantation, 41 (3). pp.334-344. ISSN 10532498

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BACKGROUND: The Molecular Microscope (MMDx) system classifies heart transplant endomyocardial biopsies as No-rejection (NR), Early-injury, T cell-mediated (TCMR), antibody-mediated (ABMR), mixed, and possible rejection (possible TCMR, possible ABMR). Rejection-like gene expression patterns in NR biopsies have not been described. We extended the MMDx methodology, using a larger data set, to define a new "Minor" category characterized by low-level inflammation in non-rejecting biopsies. METHODS: Using MMDx criteria from a previous study, molecular rejection was assessed in 1,320 biopsies (645 patients) using microarray expression of rejection-associated transcripts (RATs). Of these biopsies, 819 were NR. A new archetypal analysis model in the 1,320 data set split the NRs into NR-Normal (N = 462) and NR-Minor (N = 359). RESULTS: Compared to NR-Normal, NR-Minor were more often histologic TCMR1R, with a higher prevalence of donor-specific antibody (DSA). DSA positivity increased in a gradient: NR-Normal 24%; NR-Minor 34%; possible ABMR 42%; ABMR 66%. The top 20 transcripts distinguishing NR-Minor from NR-Normal were all ABMR-related and/or IFNG-inducible, and also exhibited a gradient of increasing expression from NR-Normal through ABMR. In random forest analysis, TCMR and Early-injury were associated with reduced LVEF and increased graft loss, but NR-Minor and ABMR scores were not. Surprisingly, hearts with MMDx ABMR showed comparatively little graft loss. CONCLUSIONS: Many heart transplants currently diagnosed as NR by histologic or molecular assessment have minor increases in ABMR-related and IFNG-inducible transcripts, associated with DSA positivity and mild histologic inflammation. These results suggest that low-level ABMR-related molecular stress may be operating in many more hearts than previously estimated. ( #NCT02670408).

Item Type: Article
Subjects: R Medicine > R Medicine (General)
Depositing User: Repository Administrator
Date Deposited: 14 Apr 2022 03:48
Last Modified: 14 Apr 2022 03:48

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