Ageing, Hypertension and Aortic Valve Stenosis: A Conscious Uncoupling

Hungerford, Sara L. and Adji, Audrey I. and Hayward, Christopher S. and Muller, David W.M. (2021) Ageing, Hypertension and Aortic Valve Stenosis: A Conscious Uncoupling. Heart, Lung and Circulation, 30 (11). pp.1627-1636. ISSN 14439506

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Aortic valve stenosis (AS) is no longer considered to be a disease of fixed left ventricular (LV) afterload (due to an obstructive valve), but rather, functions as a series circuit with important contributions from both the valve and ageing vasculature. Patients with AS are frequently elderly, with hypertension and a markedly remodelled aorta. The arterial component is sizable, and yet, the contribution of ventricular afterload has been difficult to determine. Arterial stiffening increases the speed of propagation of the blood pressure wave along the central arteries (estimated as the pulse wave velocity), which results in an earlier return of reflected waves. The effect is to augment blood pressure in the proximal aorta during systole, increasing the central pulse pressure and, in turn, placing even greater afterload on the heart. Elevated global LV afterload is known to have adverse consequences on LV remodelling, function and survival in patients with AS. Consequently, there is renewed focus on methods to estimate the relative contributions of local versus global changes in arterial mechanics and valvular haemodynamics in patients with AS. We present a review on existing and upcoming methods to quantify valvulo-arterial impedance and thereby global LV load in patients with AS.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: R Medicine > R Medicine (General)
Depositing User: Repository Administrator
Date Deposited: 10 Dec 2021 03:59
Last Modified: 10 Dec 2021 03:59

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