The Expanding Role of Alternative Splicing in Vascular Smooth Muscle Cell Plasticity

Green, Immanuel D. and Liu, Renjing and Wong, Justin J. L. (2021) The Expanding Role of Alternative Splicing in Vascular Smooth Muscle Cell Plasticity. International Journal of Molecular Sciences, 22 (19). p. 10213. ISSN 1422-0067

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Vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs) display extraordinary phenotypic plasticity. This allows them to differentiate or dedifferentiate, depending on environmental cues. The ability to 'switch' between a quiescent contractile phenotype to a highly proliferative synthetic state renders VSMCs as primary mediators of vascular repair and remodelling. When their plasticity is pathological, it can lead to cardiovascular diseases such as atherosclerosis and restenosis. Coinciding with significant technological and conceptual innovations in RNA biology, there has been a growing focus on the role of alternative splicing in VSMC gene expression regulation. Herein, we review how alternative splicing and its regulatory factors are involved in generating protein diversity and altering gene expression levels in VSMC plasticity. Moreover, we explore how recent advancements in the development of splicing-modulating therapies may be applied to VSMC-related pathologies.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: R Medicine > R Medicine (General)
Depositing User: Repository Administrator
Date Deposited: 10 Dec 2021 03:44
Last Modified: 10 Dec 2021 03:44

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